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Europäische Migrationskontrolle in Libyen

Die libysche Marine und die ihr unterstehende Küstenwache werden zum Türsteher der Festung Europa aufgebaut. Sogar eine Migrationspartnerschaft ist im Gespräch.

 

Von Andrej Hunko

Seit dem gewaltsamen Machtwechsel in 2011 unterstützt die Europäische Union eine sogenannte Sicherheitssekttorreform in Libyen. Ihre Politik folgt dabei dem Berlusconi-Motto „mehr Öl, weniger Migranten“. Die neue libysche Einheitsregierung übt außerhalb von Tripolis kaum Kontrolle aus. Die Polizei und das Militär werden deshalb mit westlicher Unterstützung ertüchtigt, Grenzen und Ölanlagen zu sichern. Ein ungelöstes Problem sind die mehr als 1.000 Milizen, aus denen sich die Angehörigen des Sicherheitsapparates rekrutieren. Auch die Küstenwache besteht aus solchen Verbänden, die ihre Loyalität zu den Autoritäten mitunter wechseln.

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Pretty complicated: the European data landscape

The Council of the European Union has published a diagram of all of information systems in the realm of justice and home affairs. This overview includes databases operated by the police, customs and agencies, as well as by Interpol. It also features the agreement between the EU and the USA on exchanging data regarding financial transactions.

By Matthias Monroy

A new diagram is intended to make it easier for delegations from European Union member states to get to grips with the data landscape in the area of justice and home affairs. This was against the backdrop of the High Level Expert Group on Information Systems and Interoperability launched in the summer of last year, which is tasked with the development of proposals to improve file-sharing. The group is made up of members of the Commission and the member states, as well as external “experts”.

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Social media companies launch upload filter to combat “terrorism and extremism”

By Matthias Monroy

A database set up jointly by Facebook, Microsoft, Twitter and YouTube has become operational. The prototype aims to identify “terrorist and radicalising” content automatically and to remove it from these platforms.

The prototype of a mechanism to prevent the publication of violent terrorist content on platforms such as Facebook and Twitter commenced operations last week. This was announced by European Commissioner for Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship, Dimitris Avramopoulos, who met representatives from Facebook, Twitter and YouTube on Friday last week in order to discuss the progress made so far with regard to the “removal of terrorist content online”.

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Project SMILE: Interfaces for European telecommunications interception

By Matthias Monroy

The European Investigation Order in criminal matters allows judicial authorities in all EU Member States to instruct each other to collect evidence. It also sets forth provisions for cross-border telecommunications surveillance. The European standardisation institute ETSI is consequently working on interfaces for the hand-over of intercepted phone calls.

By May 22nd, the Member States of the European Union have to transpose the European Investigation Order in criminal matters (EIO) into national law. The Directive defines cross-border cooperation between judicial authorities including courts, investigating judges and public prosecutor’s offices. In the future, an “issuing State” can oblige an “executing State” to gather evidence in criminal proceedings. This entails inter alia conducting investigations.

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Häufige Fragen zum Aufklärungssystem Triton/ISIS

Im Original bei bmvg.de

Was ist SLWÜA?

Das System zur signalerfassenden luftgestützten weiträumigen Überwachung und Aufklärung (SLWÜA) trägt mit seinen Fähigkeiten maßgeblich zu einem umfassenden Lagebild in einem bestimmten Gebiet bei. Dazu zählt zum Beispiel die Aufklärung gegnerischer Führungs-, Kommunikations-, Leit-, Lenk-, Ortungs- und Waffensysteme. Damit ist die Fähigkeit SLWÜA unverzichtbar für Krisenfrüherkennung und zum Schutz eigener Kräfte im Einsatz.

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Data exchange with the US military: Europol seconds liaison officer for Operation Gallant Phoenix

Police forces in the EU member states could be able to use fingerprints and DNA traces collected by the US military in Syria and Iraq in the near future. Intelligence services would also be granted access.

By Matthias Monroy

According to an EU Council document, the EU police agency Europol intends to process fingerprints and DNA traces in The Hague that are processed by the US military in war zones. This data is being exchanged in the context of Operation Gallant Phoenix, which is an intelligence project spearheaded by the US military that according to media reports, is based in Jordan. US intelligence services are also involved in this undertaking. Operation Gallant Phoenix is being coordinated by the United States Joint Special Operations Command, which commands the special units of all branches of the US military.

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Migration monitoring in the Mediterranean region – Libyan military to be linked up to European surveillance systems

The Mediterranean countries of the EU are establishing a network to facilitate communication between armed forces and the border police. Libya, Egypt, Algeria and Tunisia are also set to take part. This would make them, through the back door, part of the surveillance system EUROSUR. Refugees could then be seized on the open seas before being returned to Libya.

By Matthias Monroy

The satellite-based Seahorse Mediterranean Network is to commence operations in the course of this year. This information was disclosed by the European Commission in response to a parliamentary interpellation. The Libyan coastguard, which falls within the remit of the navy, would thus be party to information from European surveillance systems. The objective is for Libya to take part in rescue missions outside the country’s territorial waters. 

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Andrej Hunko, MdB 2017