Mündliche Frage zur Einhaltung des Prozedere der Organisation für das Verbot chemischer Wafen durch Großbritannien im Fall Skripal

In welcher Form hat die Bundesregierung im Fall des Ex-Spions Sergej Skripal darauf hingewirkt, dass die britische Regierung sich an das von der Organisation für das Verbot chemischer Waffen in Artikel IX festgelegte Prozedere zu Konsultationen, Kooperationen und Fact-Finding hält, bevor verschiedene Mitglieder der Bundesregierung öffentlich die in diesem Fall von britischer Seite erhobenen Anschuldigungen gegen die Regierung der Russischen Föderation übernahmen („FAZ“ vom 15. März 2018), und wie wird sich die Bundesregierung auf der Sitzung des Europäischen Rates am 22./23. März 2018 zu dem Fall Skripal positionieren?

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Westen sollte Rückhalt Putins in der russischen Bevölkerung anerkennen

Andrej Hunko, europapolitischer Sprecher der Fraktion DIE LINKE. im Bundestag und aktuell als Wahlbeobachter für die parlamentarische Versammlung der OSZE in Moskau vor Ort:

„Die Einschätzung der OSZE-WahlbeobachterInnen zum ersten Wahltag ist positiv. 96 % der ausgefüllten Auswertungsbogen bewerteten den Ablauf in den jeweils beobachteten Wahllokalen als gut oder sehr gut, nur 4 % als schlecht oder sehr schlecht. Der Auszählungsprozess wurde in 87 % als gut oder sehr gut bewertet, in 13 % als schlecht oder sehr schlecht. Das ist oberhalb des langjährigen Durchschnitts der OSZE-Wahlbeobachtungen, der bei 17 % schlecht oder sehr schlecht liegt.

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Sharp increase of secret alerts in the Schengen Information System

European police forces and secret services use SIS II for covert surveillance of persons and property. The authorities are informed about suspects’ itineraries and persons accompanying them. The EU interior ministries are now discussing the further expansion of this surveillance method. Hits could be reported to several or all member states.

By Matthias Monroy

Secret alerts are being issued for increasing numbers of people in the European Union. This emerged from the Federal Ministry of the Interior’s response to a written inquiry. According to that, 129,412 persons were placed under secret surveillance using the Schengen Information System (SIS II) last year. In 2016, this figure was around 80,000. No information is available regarding the reasons for this sharp increase.

Article 36 of the Council Decision on SIS II permits investigations as a “discreet check”, during which the person for whom an alert has been issued is neither arrested nor searched. This measure can be taken by any EU member state in order to obtain information on the movements and contacts of the persons under surveillance. Whenever the individuals in question are intercepted within the Schengen area, the interested authority is notified.

Secret services are also permitted to issue secret alerts

A “discreet check” relays a set of data, including the place, time and grounds for the check, itinerary and destination, accompanying persons or passengers and items carried. The means of transport used (including vessels, aircraft and containers) is also logged. While persons are unaware that they are under surveillance when intercepted, their items may be covertly searched.

Alerts pursuant to Article 36 fall into two categories in paragraphs 2 and 3 of the Council Decision on SIS II respectively, with either police authorities or secret services being entitled to issue secret alerts. In Germany, the police authorities of the Federation and the Länder (via the Bundeskriminalamt [Federal Criminal Investigation Office] as the SIS central office) apply Article 36 (2) for security purposes and for criminal prosecution.

Many alerts issued by France

In the past, several serious criminal offences were required for an alert to be issued in SIS II. However, following an amendment to the relevant articles, only one such criminal offence now constitutes sufficient grounds. A possible recital also applies if an “overall evaluation of the person concerned” would suggest that exceptionally serious criminal offences could be committed.

After all, the event of a “serious threat by the person concerned or other serious threats to internal or external national security” represents further grounds for secret alerts issued using SIS II. The Schengen countries avail themselves of Article 36 to varying degrees. On 1 December 2015, 44.34 percent of all alerts were issued by France, 14.6 percent by the United Kingdom, 12.01 percent by Spain, 10.09 percent by Italy and 4.63 percent by German authorities.

Further expansion planned

New SIS II alerts requiring immediate reporting were introduced three years ago. The interested authority is notified regarding a hit by the fastest possible means. As of 31 May 2015, only 319 of the approximately 50,000 secret alerts issued at that time were marked with this information, compared with 880 as of 30 November 2015. Alerts requiring immediate reporting were issued for 6,100 people in September 2016. Until now, only the issuing and controlling authorities have been permitted to communicate with each other regarding a hit.

Discussions are ongoing as to whether to forward an Article 36 hit to all or at least selected member states. The Europol police agency is also to be involved in the exchange of information and to search its own databases for alerts (pre-hit) and hits (post-hit). Moreover, the data will also be cross-checked against national and European information systems, including the passenger data system (EU PNR) and the planned biometrics-based Entry/Exit System.

Gemeinsame Erklärung linker Abgeordneter auf der interparlamentarischen Konferenz zur Außen- und Militärpolitik der EU

Folgende Erklärung wurde auf der interparlamentarischen Konferenz zur Außen- und Militärpolitik linker Abgeordneter der nationalen Parlamente Portugal, Deutschland, Spanien, Griechenland und Zypern herausgegeben. 

Left MPs from the national Parliaments of Portugal, Germany, Spain, Greece and Cyprus attended the Parliamentary Conference on Common Foreign and Security Policy, held in Sofia this weekend under the Bulgarian Presidency of the European Union.

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Five million euros for Europol’s “decryption platform”

The EU is looking to improve its capabilities to circumvent and crack encryptions. Member states are to invest in hardware and software with Europol coordinating these efforts

By Matthias Monroy

The police agency Europol is set to receive a further 5 million euros to reinforce its capabilities with regard to decrypting content, as was reported by the European Commission in its Thirteenth progress report towards an effective and genuine Security Union. According to the report, the money will be set aside in the Europol budget for 2018. The Commission had already pledged these funds in its twelfth progress report, but did not disclose the amount until 24 January. Prior to this, the EU home affairs ministers had called for further support at their December meeting.

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EU migration control: easier access to satellite intelligence

Earth observation is playing an increasingly important role in European security and defence policy. Greater synergies are to be achieved between civil and military capabilities in future. This is being trialled in the field of migration control: satellites are providing information about refugees’ “hiding places”, among other things. The border agency Frontex is one of the organisations using this information.

By Matthias Monroy

The European Union is now making security-related information from satellite intelligence available using a software application named “GeohuB”. The tool was developed in the framework of the multi-level project “Geospatial Information to Support decision Making in Operations” (GISMO), launched in 2014. The agency responsible is the European Defence Agency (EDA). GeohuB is intended to facilitate geospatial intelligence. According to EDA, it covers “land, sea, airspace and cyber”.

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Military intelligence for Europol

The EU plans to strengthen the linkages between its internal and external security structures. In future, military information will increasingly be used in combating terrorism and organised crime. Cooperation is being tested first in the field of migration.

Matthias Monroy

The European Union is planning the establishment of „Crime Information Cells“ (CIC) for the exchange of data between the police, military and secret services. The intention of the players involved is to reinforce the “external dimension of internal security”. The “Crime Information Cells” would strengthen linkages between civil and military EU missions. This would apply to Common Security and Defence Policy missions (CSDP) and the area of Justice and Home Affairs (JHA), which fall within the remit of the European External Action Service or European Commission.

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Jean-Luc Mélenchon zur Elysee-Erklärung: „Nein, wir werden nicht unterzeichnen!“

Am Freitag, den 29. Dezember, hat der Parlamentspräsident François de Rugy den Fraktionen der Assemblée nationale zwei Texte vorgelegt, die bis zum 4. Januar unterzeichnet werden sollten. Es handelt sich dabei einerseits um ein Abkommen zwischen dem Deutschen Bundestag und der Assemblée nationale und andererseits um eine gemeinsame Resolution, die der deutschen und der französischen Regierung vorgelegt werden sollen. Und dies anlässlich des Jahrestags des Elysée-Vertrags, durch den eine neue Ära freundschaftlicher deutsch-französischer Beziehungen eingeleitet wurde. Angesichts der Bedeutung dieser Texte, des Zeitpunkts ihrer Übermittlung, der kurzen, uns zugestandenen Frist und trotz der für uns alle eigentlich sitzungsfreien Woche haben wir uns natürlich sofort am Freitag, Samstag, Sonntag, den 31. Dezember sowie am Neujahrstag und sogar bis heute mit den beiden Texten befasst. Offensichtlich können in diesen Texten keine Änderungen vorgenommen werden, sie sind ohne unser Zutun verfasst worden, und wir wurden nun lediglich aufgefordert, sie zu unterzeichnen und damit unsere Zustimmung zu erklären oder eben nicht.

Wir werden nicht unterzeichnen.

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Border surveillance technology for new Libyan search and rescue zone

By Matthias Monroy

Libya is to become the first third-state to join the EU’s satellite-supported “Seahorse Mediterranean” network. The Italian military is currently setting up the necessary control centres, to be followed by a new application for a search and rescue zone, supported by Italy. In the end, the Libyan coastguard is to coordinate all maritime search and rescue missions itself.

Shortly after Muammar Gaddafi‘s fall from power in 2011, the European Union attempted to incorporate Libyan border surveillance into European systems. Just one year later, rebels in the first post-revolution government signed a declaration with the intention of establishing maritime situation centres in the capital Tripoli and in Benghazi. The Libyan coastguard, which is part of the military, was to be linked with the Mediterranean Border Cooperation Centre (MEBOCC) in Rome. Libyan border guards would then have been provided with information from the European states bordering the Mediterranean in real time, in order to prevent refugees from crossing to Italy and Malta.

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Germany funds new border control technology in Tunisia

Tunisian border authorities are receiving equipment and training assistance from the German Bundeswehr and the Border Police in the course of a number of projects. Existing measures are now being extended. Manufacturers of surveillance technology stand to benefit.

By Matthias Monroy

The Federal Government is helping Tunisia pursue the ongoing development of an electronic border surveillance system. A section that has already been constructed is now being extended along the Libyan border to the border town of Borj El Khadra in the Sahara. This was disclosed by the Federal Ministry of the Interior in response to a minor interpellation. The overall project is being planned together with the US Government. The intended recipient of this “training initiative” is the Tunisian military.

The American Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) has been tasked with the concrete implementation of these measures. Costs of extending the installations are not known. The financial aid received from Germany is explained vaguely as being “in the tens of millions”.

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Andrej Hunko, MdB 2018